President Akufo-Addo says Ghana has benefited from democracy as it has eliminated the spectre of instability that had disfigured much of Ghana’s early existence.
The President while addressing the nation on Thursday, April 28, 2022 on the 30th anniversary of the holding of the Referendum that approved the 1992 Constitution said prior to 1992, Ghana had sampled almost every form of governance known to man.
According to the President, “we experienced, from these events, a weakening of the sense of self-confidence and progress of the Ghanaian, which was evidenced by the fact that components of the Human Development Index, i.e., life expectancy rates, access to education and per capita income indicators, at the time, were not commensurate with our vast potential.”
However, with Ghanaians expressing widespread will to have the decade-long ban imposed on party political activities lifted, he stated that PNDC military government, led by Flt Lt J.J Rawlings, set up the National Consultative Assembly in May 1991, and tasked the body to prepare a draft Constitution for the country.
Three million, four hundred and eight thousand, one hundred and nineteen (3,408,119) Ghanaians voted “Yes” in the Referendum, representing 92.59% of the vote, to return our nation to democratic rule, as opposed to two hundred and seventy-two thousand, eight hundred and fifty-five (272,855) voting “No”, representing 7.41%.
“The Constitution, overwhelmingly approved in the Referendum, set up a liberal, democratic state, founded on the separation of powers, with exclusive power in the Judiciary to superintend and enforce the Constitution, and protect the fundamental human rights of the citizenry. The coming into effect of the 1992 Constitution was promulgated with immense, popular backing, and, on 7th January 1993, His Excellency Jerry John Rawlings, Chairman of the erstwhile PNDC, was sworn into office as the 1st President of the 4th Republic,” he said.
The President continued, “We have, since then, experienced the longest, uninterrupted period of stable, constitutional governance in our history, banishing the spectre of instability, that had disfigured much of our nation’s early existence, and the benefits are showing. We have, over the last thirty (30) years, witnessed sustained growth in every facet of national life. There have been considerable improvements in the Human Development Index – simply put, democracy has been good for us.”